Neglect and Affluent Neglect
The Merton Safeguarding Children Partnership (MSCP) has overall responsibility for coordinating, supporting, and improving the ways we work together to protect children and promote their welfare. The MSCP works with a range of partners including large and small statutory and voluntary organisations as well as key individuals including elected representatives, community and business leaders and professionals who are involved with children and young people.
A key part of this partnership is ensuring that anyone who encounters children and young people can identify, understand, and respond appropriately to circumstances where children or young people are at risk.
Neglect remains the most common form of child maltreatment in England. The purpose of the Neglect Strategy is to outline a targeted response to the issue of neglect in Merton, and to ensure that professionals have a consistent understanding of childhood neglect and know what is expected of them should concerns arise.
Our Guiding Principles
- Promote the safety and wellbeing of all families and the communities in which they live, recognising the key role of public health promotion and universal services in the prevention of neglect.
- Identify children at risk of neglect at the earliest opportunity; to reduce the numbers of children experiencing neglect .
- Respond promptly and effectively to address the underlying factors.
- Maintain our focus on the experiences of children.
- Minimise the long-term effects of childhood neglect through a range of strategies and interventions.
- To ensure that the importance of neglect and its incidence is recognised by all partners in strategic planning and service design.
Definitions of Neglect
Working Together 2018 defines neglect as: The persistent failure to meet a child’s basic physical and/or psychological needs, likely to result in the serious impairment of a child’s health or development. Neglect may occur during pregnancy because of maternal substance abuse. Once a child is born, neglect may involve a parent or carer failing to:
- Provide adequate food, clothing, and shelter (including exclusion from home or abandonment).
- Protect a child from emotional and physical harm or danger.
- Ensure adequate supervision (including the use of inadequate care givers).
- Ensure access to appropriate medical care or treatment.
- It may include neglect of, or unresponsiveness to, a child’s basic emotional needs.
Links to the full Neglect Strategy and Toolkit can be found below.Neglect Toolkit 2023
Considering Affluent Neglect
Affluent neglect refers to the neglect experienced by children in wealthy families. This can be more difficult to spot, as the kind of neglect experienced by children and young people in these circumstances is often emotional.
There are a few risks that children from all walks of life face; being a child in an affluent family is often perceived to protect those children from some of these dangers. Children from wealthier, more “stable” families aren’t as sheltered from neglect as is often assumed.
In wealthy families, it can be the case that parents work long hours, leaving children in the care of paid nannies or au pairs. This can create a disconnect emotionally and leave children feeling lonely, with their emotional needs unfulfilled by their parents.
Affluent parents may also put a high amount of pressure on their children to succeed at school, which can sometimes lead to psychological and emotional problems for children.
Parental Alcohol and Substance Abuse, Domestic Violence, and Parental Mental Illness
These three factors are known as the “Toxic Trio” and are frequently considered as problems that only occur in poorer families, when, in reality, they can be found in any type of family and have lasting effects on the children in the home.
Drug Use and Sexual Activity
It can be the case that, due to a lack of parental supervision and guidance, wealthier parents may have a more relaxed attitude to the risks their children take, or in many cases aren’t sufficiently present or available to know about what their children are doing. This often leads to increased risks for their children, who often have the financial access to facilitate drug abuse and the independence to engage in harmful sexual activity.
Why is Affluent Neglect often overlooked?
There are several barriers that may prevent more affluent children, who are experiencing these types of neglect, from accessing the support they need. Firstly, their symptoms may be harder to spot. The nature of emotional neglect can make it much harder to identify than other types of neglect. For example, due to the family having hired help to care for the children they may present as clean, well-dressed, and properly fed when they are, in reality, experiencing emotional neglect.
Staff training often focuses on children from poor or working-class families, so staff in educational settings may not be adequately trained to identify and intervene with cases of neglect among their wealthier families.
Wealthy families are often not ‘on the radar’ of protective services. There may also be increased hostility towards agencies, such as social services, from more affluent families, making it more difficult to improve outcomes for children in these circumstances.
The role of unconscious bias also needs to be considered when working with children from wealthier families. Schools and school staff may miss important pieces of the puzzle when they assume that children from wealthy families are less at risk than those from poorer backgrounds. These children may be coming in with new clothes bearing expensive brand labels. It is easy to make presumptions from these indicators that a child is being well looked-after.
Children attending boarding school are even more difficult to identify as neglected. Their parents may often live out of the area or even out of the country. This adds another layer of complexity and can prove challenging, not only for identifying issues in their home life, but also for corresponding with parents to improve child outcomes.
What is the impact?
The emotional neglect, exposure to the toxic trio, and lack of supervision sometimes faced by children from affluent families are adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). ACEs can affect brain development and change how a person’s body responds to stress. They have a lasting impact on an individual and the consequences of these adverse experiences can lead to long-term mental and physical health problems, as well as substance misuse and addiction in adulthood.
Other useful links: